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.81.Clodfelter, 141.82.David Gates,   Air Power and Aspects of Civil-Military Relations,  inPerspectives on Air Power: Air Power in Its Wider Context, ed., Stuart Peach(London: HMSO, 1998), 28; Also Mason,   Operations in Search,  158 60;Michael Clarke,   Air Power and Force in Peace Support Operations,  173;Sabin,   The Counter-Air Mission in Peace Support Operations  in TheDynamics of Air Power, 158.83.Giulio Douhet, The Command of the Air, trans.by Dino Ferrari (NewYork: Coward-McCann, 1942; reprinted, Washington: Office of Air ForceHistory, 1983), 50.84.Col Philip S.Meilinger, Ten Propositions Regarding Air Power(Washington, D.C.: Office of Air Force History, 1995), 20 21.85.Betts, 14.86.Johnson is quoted in Rowland Evans and Robert Novak, Lyndon B.Johnson: The Exercise of Power (New York: New American Library, 1966),538 39, cited in Betts, 10.87.McMaster, 208 9.88.Betts, 8.89.Tilford, 153.90.House Committee on Armed Services, Unauthorized Bombing ofMilitary Targets in North Vietnam: Hearing Before the Armed ServicesInvestigating Subcommittee, 12 June 1972, 46 (hereafter cited as House,Bombing Hearing).91.Adm William J.Crowe with David Chanoff, The Line of Fire: FromWashington to the Gulf, the Politics and Battles of the New Military (New York:Simon & Schuster, 1993), 132.Also see Caspar Weinberger, Fighting for Peace:Seven Critical Years in the Pentagon (New York: Warner Books, 1990), 97.92.Crowe with Chanoff, 134.93.Ibid., 135.94.Ibid., 134.54 MILITARY INFLUENCE ON THE USE OF AIRPOWER95.Henry Kissinger, Diplomacy (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994),684; Paul Seabury and Angelo Codevilla, War: Ends & Means (New York:Basic Books, 1989), 246.96.Gen William W.Momyer, Air Power in Three Wars (WWII, Korea,Vietnam) (Washington, D.C.: US Air Force Office of History, 1978), 23 29;and Admiral Sharp, 81 83 and 145.97.Kissinger, 684; and Seabury and Codevilla, 246 53.98.McMaster, 283 85; and Admiral Sharp, 81 82.99.Admiral Sharp, 83.Also see Kissinger, 488 and 684; Seabury andCodevilla, 246 53.100.Admiral Sharp, 145.101.Ibid.102.Kissinger, 684.103.Alexander L.George,   Crisis Management: The Interaction ofPolitical and Military Considerations, Survival 26, no.5(September/October 1984): 226 27.104.Ibid., 227.105.Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S.Department of Defense Dictionary ofMilitary Terms (London: Greenhill Books, 1991), 341.106. Operations Law Deployment Deskbook, vol.2 (Maxwell AFB, Ala.:International and Operations Law Division, Office of the Judge AdvocateGeneral, Department of the Air Force, 1996), H 1 and H 2.107.For excellent primers on ROE, see Capt J.Ashley Roach,   Rules ofEngagement,  Naval War College Review 36, no.1 (January/February 1983):46 55; and Bradd C.Hayes, Naval Rules of Engagement: Management Toolsfor Crisis (Santa Monica, Calif.: The RAND Corp., 1989), 1 34.108.For an authoritative discussion of the legal dimension, see Col W.Hays Parks, USMCR,   Air War and the Law of War,  The Air Force LawReview (1990): 1 225.109.Scott D.Sagan,   Rules of Engagement,  Security Studies 1, no.1(autumn 1991): 88.110.Ibid.111.Ibid.112.Ibid., 87.113.House Committee on Armed Services, Unauthorized Bombing ofMilitary Targets in North Vietnam, report of the Armed Services InvestigatingSubcommittee, 15 December 1972, 2 4, 8, and 9 (hereafter cited as  House,Unauthorized report  ).114.Ibid.115.House, Bombing Hearing, 4, 35, 45, 48 49, and 52.116.Ibid., 50 51; Col Jack Broughton, Going Downtown: The WarAgainst Hanoi and Washington (New York: Orion Books, 1988), 10 and173 74; Sharp, 4, 13, and 102 3; and Drake, 14 15.117.House, Bombing Hearing, 51.118.Drake, 15.119.House, Bombing Hearing, 7.55 RESPONSIBILITY OF COMMAND120.House, Unauthorized report, 2 4, 8, and 9.121.For words of praise from four congressmen, see House, BombingHearing, 45, 48, 49, and 50.122.Ibid., 45.123.For an essay on leadership, integrity, and ROE, which focuses onthe Lavelle case, see Maj Lee E.DeRemer,   ROE: Leadership Between a Rockand a Hard Place,  Air Power Journal 10, no.3 (fall 1996): 87 94.124.Luttwak, 108; Gates, 30; and Michael Clarke,   Threats andChallenges in the UK s Security Environment,  in Perspectives on Air Power:Air Power in Its Wider Context, ed.Stuart Peach (London: HMSO, 1998),16 17.125.Brodie, War & Politics, 475 and 492.126.Ibid., 465.127.Ibid., 471 72.128.Betts, 203.129.Harold R.Winton,   An Ambivalent Partnership: US Army and AirForce Perspectives on Air-Ground Operations, in The Paths of Heaven: TheEvolution of Airpower Theory, ed.Col Philip S.Meilinger, USAF (MaxwellAFB, Ala [ Pobierz całość w formacie PDF ]