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.Hundreds of proj-ects and conferences have been initiated since 1997.Rapid growth hascontinued.In 2002 the organization had close to 700 members (265 of 48 Together at the Tablewhich are organizations) and a mailing list of 6,500, with members locatedthroughout forty-one states and the District of Columbia.Its staff hasgrown from one and a half in 2001 to eleven in 2002 (Fisher 2002a).Whilethe number of participants at annual conferences had been averagingaround 300, nearly 600 people participated in its sixth annual cfsc con-ference in October of 2002.The cfsc focuses on three primary areas of work: (1) training and tech-nical assistance (e.g., conferences, workshops, community food assessments);(2) project work (e.g., farm-to-school programs); and (3) policy advocacyand organizing at local, state, and federal levels.In addition, the cfsc pub-lishes a quarterly newsletter, policy papers, research reports, and guide-books; issues policy updates; and maintains a listserve that facilitatesinformation sharing and networking among 500 subscribers.Coalition stafforganize about sixty workshops and give about thirty presentations on com-munity food security each year.After a year of planning and organizing, the California Community FoodSecurity Network was launched in June 2002 at a statewide meeting, California Community Food Security Summit: Organizing for Action,attended by two hundred members of the California community food secu-rity movement.The purpose of the meeting was to take the  first steptoward building the cohesion necessary to take the movement to the nextstage. It built upon five listening sessions that were held throughout thestate to learn more about the food and agriculture issues and priorities ofpeople in diverse communities.While focused on community food secu-rity, the conference was sponsored not only by the cfsc but also by thir-teen other groups, including food banks, antihunger organizations,environmental groups, sustainable agriculture organizations, and theUniversity of California.Out of the meeting grew the California Commu-nity Food Security Network, a consortium that includes organizations rep-resenting environmental, nutrition, hunger, farmer, labor, and public healthissues.The goal of the network is universal access to healthy food, whichis to be achieved through means of education, organizing, and advocacy.Issues addressed include hunger, diet-related health problems such as dia-betes and obesity, lack of access to fresh produce, and the loss of familyfarms.The network intends to develop a coordinated policy platform andimprove cooperation among state and local organizations in order to fur-ther progress toward community food security.Both the problems in the agrifood system and the social movements meantto ameliorate them have had a continuing presence in this country. Perspectives of Alternative Agrifood Movements 49Problems such as hunger and food safety were recognized and organizedagainst early in the 1800s.Concerns about the structure of agriculture, fam-ily farms, and agriculture s effect on the environment go back almost as far.Efforts to change working conditions for agricultural laborers, which beganwith the abolitionist movement, focused on migrant farm labor starting atthe beginning of the 1900s.Movements addressing these various issues havegone through periods of decline and resurgence.Most recently, agrifoodissues have been taken up by the movements for sustainable agriculture andcommunity food security.Begun in the last years of the twentieth century,these movements show no sign of ebbing and instead are gaining strengthand momentum.Their discourses have proved powerful enough to worktheir agendas into dominant agrifood institutions such as the usda andland-grant universities and have also shown sufficient vigor to have cre-ated, developed, and maintained new modes of production, distribution,and consumption throughout the country. landscapes of alternative agrifood movements3institutional integration and constructionIf social movements are to be more than ephemeral, they must become partof the fabric that organizes and mediates social relationships [ Pobierz całość w formacie PDF ]